Diwali 2021 Festival of Lights India
Divali, Diwali, Deepavali, Dipavali or Deepawali is a Hindu festival of lights that is celebrated all over India after 20 days of “Vijayadashami, Dussehra, Dasara, Dasain” with great interest and enthusiasm.
Deepavali is one of the most auspicious of India’s festival of lights occasions that people eagerly wait for. It is also known as Divali, Shubh Dipawali which is a Sanskrit word combining two different words, ‘Deep’ means lamp and ‘Vali’ means array.
This year prosperous Diwali 2021 will be celebrated on Thursday, 4th November 2021 in India.
Diwali is observed as a Gazetted holiday throughout the nation, which means it is necessary for all government and private institutions and companies to grant holidays on this day. Though it is one of the most prominent festivals of Hindus.
However, it is not only celebrated by them but is also celebrated by different communities in India, like the Jains, Sikhs, and Newar Buddhists in different parts of India such as Tamil Nadu, Goa, Maharashtra, and Karnataka.
Diwali history for Sikhs is different. The Sikhs celebrate it as ‘Bandi Chhor divas’, as on this day in the 17th century, their sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind was released from the long time incarceration by the Mughals.
The people of the Jain community celebrate this day to embark on the spiritual awakening of Lord Mahavira.
However, the rituals of Diwali celebration in different states of India and communities vary from the other one but all these communities celebrate this festival of lights together and establish the motto of “Unity in diversity”. It is not only celebrated in India but also in other Asian countries such as Malaysia and Singapore.
This day has many varied reasons to be celebrated all over India, but the gist remains the same, i.e. the triumph of good over evil and the winning of truth always.
That’s why is Diwali called the festival of lights. People eagerly wait for this festival to celebrate it with their family and close friends.
They decorate their houses and welcome guests and also exchange gifts with each other. Adult and children play with Diwali crackers. People worship Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi which is known as Lakshmi Pooja for prosperity and happiness.
Quick Diwali 2021 Date & Time
|Festival Days||Day & Date||Puja Vidhi, Muhurat, Time|
|Dhanteras – (Day 1)||Tuesday, 2nd November||Click Here|
|Naraka Chaturdashi – (Day 2)||Thursday, 4th November||Click Here|
|Lakshmi Puja – (Day 3)||Thursday, 4th November||Click Here|
|Govardhan Puja – (Day 4)||Friday, 5th November||Click Here|
|Bhai Dooj – (Day 5)||Saturday, 6th November||Click Here|
History and Significance of Diwali (deepawali) Festival
Diwali is observed in the month of Kartik every year. According to the ancient calendar, it is observed on Amavasya (new moon) which falls on the 15th day of Kartik month every year.
Why do people celebrate Diwali?
If talking about the history of Diwali festival, there is no rigid source of information or record about Diwali. Instead, there are several different reasons that are being proposed by different legends from ancient times.
One of the most famous and popular reasons or objective of Diwali celebration in the Northern part of India is that on this day Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile from the forest.
He returned with his brother, Lord Lakshmana; wife, Goddess Sita, and his devotee, Lord Hanuman. He returned to Ayodhya after defeating the evil king Ravana, which marked the victory of good over evil.
On the day he returned to Ayodhya, it was a night of Amavasya (no moon day), and there was darkness all around. To light the path of Lord Rama to his palace, people lighted up Diyas, lamps, and earthen pots outside their house on that night.
The people of South India have a very different reason to celebrate Diwali this day. According to their ancestors and legends, on this day Lord Krishna defeated the demon Narakashur and triumphed the victory of good over evil. People in South India celebrate Diwali for this reason with a different set of rituals.
There are other sets of conspiracies for the reason behind the Diwali celebration in India. One other reason that is accepted by many people is that on this day Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi tied the knot of marriage.
To embrace this holy day, people celebrate Diwali in different parts of India. Further, some alternate legends also believed that Goddess Lakshmi was born on the new moon day of the month Kartik, and because of this reason, Diwali is celebrated in India.
In conclusion, Different religion has different cultural importance of Diwali. However, it can be said that Diwali is celebrated for various reasons all over India. It depends on the perspective and belief of the people in whichever reason they believe to celebrate this holy festival of lights.
How to celebrate Diwali in India?
There are many ways in which people celebrate this festival with their families. These unique ritual things related to Diwali are followed in every household of India with love and enthusiasm.
Below few things to do on Diwali festival of lights India 2021 with loved ones along with the Diwali puja date and Subh Muhurat time.
Cleaning House For Diwali
The cleaning of the house embarks the beginning of the festival celebration at home. According to mythology, it is said that on this day Goddess Lakshmi steps into our houses to bless us with happiness, prosperity, and wellness. She will come to the house only if it’s tidy and clean.
However, it is also essential to clean our house once a year. Diwali is a long period of 5 days of festivities, that’s why people find it a convenient month for cleaning up their house.
With the help of all the family members, they remove all the unwanted and unnecessary things and accessories, paint their houses, and decorate the house with bright decorative items.
Playing Cards on Diwali
Playing cards are fun things to do on Diwali day. It is one such ritual that is followed by many people and especially by the youths. They actively participate in playing different games and playing cards top all of them.
People try their luck on some games such as Teen Patti, rummy, poker, etc. They have fun and enjoyment with their close friends and families. A lot of people engage in such activities and games to have quality time on Diwali.
Burning Firecrackers On Diwali
Children eagerly wait for Diwali to burst their Diwali crackers which gives them immense joy but firecrackers are very harmful to an individual’s health and also for the environment.
People are of the belief that the sound generates from bursting the firecrackers is a message to God for the victory of good over evil.
Although, people nowadays are more concerned and avoid harmful Diwali crackers and instead of them, they use eco-friendly firecrackers that are widely available in markets.
Buying Jewellery On Dhanteras
People, especially women, buy gold or silver jewelry on the occasion of Dhanteras to worship Lord Kuber. People also buy cooking utensils on this day.
Besides the fact of worshipping Lord Kuber, women are more interested in buying jewelry because of the upcoming season of marriages.
To outshine all other women, ladies buy the best jewelry for themselves. Because of the high demand for gold and silver jewelry, most of the jewelers put a sale on most of their products to earn more at this time.
Worshipping The Domestic Cattle
People in rural areas worship their domestic cattle. The cow is considered to be a holy animal and a sacred manifestation to Goddess Lakshmi. People offer prayers to their domestic cattle for prosperity.
One other general reason behind the worshipping of domestic cattle is so that they give a good amount of milk so that they can earn a living from the money by selling the milk of the cattle.
What are the 5 Days of Diwali Festival 2021?
According to the astrological significance of Diwali and Hindu mythology, the importance of 5 days of Diwali festival serves different occasions. All these festivities are consecutively one after the other.
It starts from the holy occasion of Dhanteras and ends with the occasion of Bhai Dooj. let’s celebrate five days of Diwali festival 2021 and know what happens on the different days of Diwali.
Day 1: Dhanteras
The first day of Diwali celebrations Dhanteras embarks the beginning of the festivals in the line. It is considered as an auspicious occasion to buy gold and silver jewelry, and also cooking utensils.
According to the Hindu calendar, Dhanteras remarks at the beginning of the financial year for the Hindus. Dhanteras is also known as Dhanatrayodashi, Dhanvantari Trayodashi, धनत्रयोदशी
The word ‘Dhan’ in Dhanteras symbolizes wealth, that is the reason people buy jewelry, cooking utensils, automobiles, electrical appliances.
People perform Dhanteras Puja Vidhi step by step at home, office, shop, etc. The market is flooded with people and the demand touches the ninth cloud. In response to that, the shopkeepers apply huge discounts on their products.
Also Check: Dhanteras 2021 Gold price
Every home is cleaned thoroughly and whitewashed so that Goddess Lakshmi comes to their house and blesses them with wealth and prosperity, that’s why a pooja is arranged in the evening to offer prayers to Goddess Lakshmi.
The homes are decorated with lights, candles, rangolis, flowers, lighted Diya, and many other decorative materials.
In some houses, rangolis are made out of granulated rice mixed with a little bit of water which makes it into a paste.
At the night of the Dhanteras, small Diyas are lit up in front of doors of their homes to drive away all the darkness of evil spirits and welcome Goddess of wealth Lakshmi.
Check below to understand Dhanteras puja Vidhi and time
Day 2: Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali
Deepavali Naraka Chaturdashi (i.e the second day of the festival of 5 days of Diwali) is celebrated to mark the victory of good over evil as on this day the Demon Narakasura was killed by Lord Krishna.
He rescued 16000 princesses that were captured by the demon. Naraka Chaturdashi is also known with a different name as Kali Chaudas, Choti Diwali, Roop Chaudas, Naraka Nivaran Chaturdashi, Bhoot Chaturdashi that’s why on this day Goddess Kali is worshipped in many households.
On the day of the holy occasion of the Naraka Chaturdashi celebration, people wake up early in the morning even before the sunrise. They apply an “Ubtan” (paste) on their body before taking a bath. They wear clean or new clothes to celebrate this day.
The morning bath is known as Abhyanga Snan. It is believed that if one gets early in the morning and has this bath by following all the rituals of this occasion, they will get rid of all the sins, poverty, bad and unforeseen events, and bring wealth, prosperity, happiness, and good luck into their lives.
After the bath and putting up clean or new clothes, some people also apply kajal on their eyes to keep away kali Nazar, i.e. the evil eye of other people.
People enjoy this by having a large and big fat breakfast with their beloved family and close friends. Mouth-Watering sweets are served to everyone with other delightful snacks.
They lit up Diyas in their respective homes and worship Goddess Kali. Children also engage in bursting firecrackers. As Naraka Chaturdashi is celebrated just a day prior to Diwali and has huge Significance amongst Hindus, that is why it is also known as ‘Choti Diwali’.
Check below to understand नरक चतुर्दशी शुभ मुहूर्त
Day 3: Main Diwali
“What does Diwali means to you“ Actually, Dipavali is the main festival among all the 5-day festivities.
According to the Hindu calendar, this day comes during the Amavasya (new moon day) of the Kartik month. People decorate their homes with Diyas, candles, earthen pots, lamps, flowers, rangolis, lights, and many other decorative items.
People dress in their best outfits in traditional attire. Men wear Kurta Pajama and women wear saree with great accessories.
People visit each other’s houses, greet, and offer gifts to them to express their love and happiness. They seek blessings from their elders such as grandparents, uncles and aunts, and other senior members.
All the family members get together and have a big fat meal with them. The meal includes all the tasty sweets and special cuisines of Diwali and on this day no one cares about the amount of calorie intake as they just want to enjoy the day to the fullest.
In the evening the whole family gets together for the Lakshmi Pooja and worships God Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi for wealth and prosperity in their homes.
After the Lakshmi Pooja, children run towards the firecrackers to burst them. The whole sky looks like sparkling terrain because of the lightning and explosion of firecrackers. This is how is Diwali celebrated in different parts of North India.
Check below to understand गणेश लक्ष्मी पूजन का शुभ मुहूर्त
Day 4: Govardhan Puja
The fourth day of the 5 day long festivals is Govardhan Puja celebrated in different forms all across India also known as Padwa or Varshapratiprada.
In the western part of the country, this day is celebrated as ‘Bestu Baras’ in Gujarat. According to the Vikaram Savant calendar, this day marks the beginning of the new year.
In the northern part of India, especially in Mathura and Vrindavan, this day is celebrated as Govardhan Pooja, Annakoot Puja or Padwa.
The significance of Govardhan Puja celebration is to honour Lord Krishna for saving the lives of several people and cattle of the village from the consistent heavy rain and flood situation by lifting the Govardhan mountain.
Also, in some parts of the Hindu community, this day is celebrated to mark the bond between husband and wife. Husbands and wives exchange gifts with each other to celebrate this day.
Also, newly married daughters go to their house and seek the blessings of her parents on this holy day. In some Hindu communities, this day is celebrated as ‘Annakut’ in which over a hundred dishes are prepared from vivid ingredients and has many more food items list.
Firstly, the prepared food is offered to Lord Krishna and then it is shared among the people of the community. To know when is Govardhan puja check below
Check below to understand गोवर्धन पूजा शुभ मुहूर्त
Day 5: Bhai Dooj
The five-day-long festivities end with the occasion of Bhai Dooj (also Bhaiya Dooj). The meaning of Bhai Dooj which is a combination of two words wherein ‘Bhai’ means brother and ‘Dooj’ means two days after the new moon (Amavasya). This day is known as Bhau Beej, Bhai tika, Bhau-Beej, Bhaiya Beej, Yama Dwitiya and Bhai Phota in Bengali.
This day is celebrating the bond of love and affection between the brother and sister. According to legends, the story of Bhai Dooj is related to the day, When Lord Krishna went to his sister Subhadra after defeating the demon Narakashur.
When he visited her place, she welcomed him with a ’tilak’ on his forehead and offered him the flavors and sweets. That’s why Bhai Dooj is celebrated after Diwali.
The cultural significance of Bhai Dooj is to celebrate their love and the love between all the brothers and sisters, this day is celebrated as Bhai Dooj.
On this day brother visits his sister’s home and his sister wishes and welcomes him with a great gesture. On this day gifts are exchanged between the brother and sister.
The sister prays for the well-being and prosperity of her brother and in return brothers ensure his sister that he will follow all the responsibilities and protect her from every bad situation.
The sister applies ceremonial tilak on the forehead of her brother and then does the aarti and other rituals and ends it with offering each other sweets.
Check below to understand भाई दूज पूजा शुभ मुहूर्त 2021
What are the Best Places to Celebrate Diwali in India?
India is a place where all the festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm and energy. Every festival is like a celebration for people. Diwali is one of India’s biggest festivals among many festivals that are being celebrated in India at its best.
Almost all the places in Diwali are worth watching but here is a list of some exceptional places in India famous for Deepavali where you can observe the true Colors of Divali.
This Diwali festival 2021, let’s explore about favorite Diwali destinations in India, which should be on top of the chart if you ever wish to visit to celebrate and their special cuisine of Diwali that you can try to make at home.
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Diwali in Varanasi is the best in all cities where you can take the essence of Diwali with you. The whole City celebrates Diwali at a very big level. The Ganga ghats are lit up with Diyas, earthen pots, and candles.
All the homes in the city are decorated with flowers and Diyas. The floating Diyas in the river Ganga gives a totally mesmerizing view.
An aarti is being conducted in the evening of Diwali where Goddess Ganga and Goddess Lakshmi are worshipped by people for their wellness and prosperity.
Celebration of Diwali in Jaipur is one such city that you have to make sure to give a place in your bucket list of traveling, especially on the occasion of Diwali. The whole city is lit up with Diyas, Candles, Colorful earthen pots, lamps, etc.
The light of Diyas with the mixture of the pink city gives out a magical essence that is unmatchable to anything. Also, a huge number of hot air balloons are lit and left off to fly high in the sky. The whole look from the ramparts of Nahargarh Fort gives a stunning look and a totally different positive vibe.
Kolkata, West Bengal
Kolkata always has something different to offer. The same is in the case of Diwali. On Diwali, when the whole country is worshipping Goddess Lakshmi for wellness and prosperity, People in Kolkata during Diwali worship Goddess Kali.
They decorate the whole city with different lights and Colors. Several big magnificently decorated idols of the Goddess Kali are placed in temples for people to worship her. Also, the biggest shrines can be found out at the Kalighat temple.
In Amritsar, the community of Sikh people celebrates Diwali as ‘Bandi Chhor Divas’. To celebrate this day for the release of Guru Hargobind, the holy place, Golden Temple also known as Harmandir Sahib is decorated with flowers and lights.
Diyas and candles are also lit up in the evening by all the people to show their faith. These twinkling lights give a totally majestic outlook to the place. The place radiates positivity and peace on this holy happy Diwali festival.
Diwali Festival in Maharashtra, Mumbai does everything in extreme. Diwali is also celebrated with full devotion, enthusiasm, and positivity.
People get engaged in the shopping spree from a very early time so that they are ready to celebrate this holy festival with full power.
Marine Drive, Worli Seaface, and Shivaji Park are the three topmost best places to visit during Diwali in Mumbai Maharashtra, and watching galore of fireworks in the night sky.
People with family and friends come who stay nearby and burst crackers. Be it, outsiders, introverts, staying alone, this place is “open for all” to enjoy and get a glimpse of colorful firecrackers bursting in the sky.
The whole ‘city of dreams’ is lit up with Diyas, lights, candles, hot air balloons, etc. Also, big fireworks can be seen in several different places. The celebration of Diwali gives out a feeling of an incredible fiesta to the people living there.
This was all about the details of Diwali, from what is the history and significance of this festival to how it is celebrated in homes and what is the procedure to do the Lakshmi Pooja to all the five days festivities and also about the best Diwali destinations in India.
Hope you all have the best Diwali this year. Remember to take precautions while bursting eco-friendly firecrackers and also while lighting up Diyas and candles.
Also, pay dues importance to take good care of the environment and not to burst harmful firecrackers that can deteriorate the air quality and litter the surrounding.
So, at last, Wishing you all the Happiest & prosperous Diwali 2021. May you have the best Diwali this year. Stay safe and spread positivity!
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